This unit aligns with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS):
"STANDARD 8 - The Universe and Practices of Science.
The competent science teacher understands and applies accepted practices and implications of science in contemporary and historical contexts.
8B. understands the properties and dynamics of objects external to the solar system.
8E. compares and analyzes evidence relating to the origin and physical evolution of the universe.
8F. compares the processes involved in the life cycle of objects within the galaxies, including their physical and chemical characteristics.
8G. demonstrates the ability to use instruments or to explain functions of the technologies and tools used in the study of the space sciences. "
Unit XIV “Stars and Galaxies” contains four comprehensive PowerPoint lessons; four review programs with printable color PDF worksheets; four student PPT note guides; and a unit vocabulary sheet. A quiz for each PowerPoint lesson and a 50-question unit assessment is included (all in Word). A final semester exam review packet; two Internet lab exercises on stars and galaxies and six video worksheets have been updated and added.
PowerPoint lessons contain many graphics and at least two links to short videos for each lesson to further student understanding.
PowerPoint slides also contain notes for the instructor based on students most "frequently asked questions" or FAQ's to help clarify the subject. A class activity is included at the end of each lesson and a 20-question interactive quiz/review at kahoot.it is also included as a link in the last slide.
Video worksheets include the youtube link if the DVD or video tape is not available. Webquest activities can be used as an introduction to the subject or as a review.
All lessons/programs (not assessments) can also be found separately in the AstronomyDad store.
Terms/concepts in this unit include:
Stars, constellations, Greek mythology, Betelgeuse, Orion the Hunter, circumpolar constellations, zodiacal constellations, Polaris, North Star, Big Dipper, Little Dipper, parallax, stellar parallax, parsec, light year, Alpha Centauri, Proxima Centauri, absolute magnitude, apparent magnitude, luminosity, magnitude scale, standard candle, color index, Mintaka, Rigel, Sun, hydrogen, helium, core, radiative zone, convection zone, photosphere, chromosphere, corona, solar structure, magnetic field, differential rotation, sunspots, solar flares, magnetic loop, internal rotation, 11-year cycle, solar minimum, solar maximum, Yohkoh spacecraft, SOHO spacecraft, Little Ice Age, Coronal Mass Ejections, CMEs, solar wind, magnetosphere, heliosphere, Hertsprung-Russell Diagram, main sequence, blue stars, blue stragglers, yellow stars, red stars, giant stars, E=mc2, nebula, Eagle Nebula, stellar nursery, red giants, supergiants, white dwarfs, supernova, supernova 1987a, neutron stars, black holes, supermassive black holes, event horizon, galaxies, light years, parsecs, spiral galaxies, elliptical galaxies, irregular galaxies, Milky Way, Andromeda, Small and Large Magellanic Clouds, Sagittarius, Ursa Minor, galaxy collisions, galaxy formation, dwarf galaxies, Local Group, Virgo Supercluster, Big Bang Theory, expanding universe, Doppler shift, redshift, spectra, Hubble Space Telescope, Hubble Constant, age of the universe, dark energy
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