Earth's Spheres (biosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere) Activity

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Teaching Muse
Grade Levels
4th - 6th
Resource Type
Formats Included
  • PDF
  • Google Apps™
6 plus digital version and answer key
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Teach your students about Earth's four spheres using this science text and activity. Students will read to learn about the atmosphere, biosphere, geosphere, and hydrosphere and then complete the graphic organizer activities to demonstrate their learning. Students will also read and answer scenarios about how the spheres interact with one another, and the impact humans have on Earth's spheres.

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Students will learn:

  • about each of Earth's spheres
    • Atmosphere
    • Biosphere
    • Geosphere (sometimes referred to as lithosphere)
    • Hydrosphere
  • how the spheres interact with one another
  • the impact humans have on the spheres

This Earth's spheres activity includes:

  • Teacher instructions to distribute the digital version
  • Two printable pages of science text with an additional page of comprehension questions
  • Three graphic organizers
  • Digital version of the printable materials
  • Answer key

How to Use This Activity:

Science Text:

- Read through the science text together to allow students to learn about each of the four spheres. Students can highlight important information or use post its to take notes.

- Students could work together in pairs or small groups to read and understand the text.

- Assign the passage for homework and have the students complete the graphic organizers the following day.

Graphic Organizers:

- Use these varied sheets to assess student comprehension. Then, allow students to refer back to the text to pull out relevant details to summarize each sphere.

- Paste the graphic organizer onto chart paper and have students create a poster to show their knowledge of each sphere

This activity aligns to:

5-ESS2-1 Earth's Systems: Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact.

Science and Engineering Practices: Develop and use a model - Students will create a model using the graphic organizers to determine their understanding of Earth's spheres.

Crosscutting Concepts: System and system models, Scale, proportion, and quantity

Disciplinary Core Idea: Earth's materials and systems

Other lessons and activities to support this unit:

Kindly Note: If you have questions, do not hesitate in emailing me at Teaching Muse Email



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Total Pages
6 plus digital version and answer key
Answer Key
Teaching Duration
1 hour
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to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts.
Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.
Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6–8 texts and topics.
By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 6–8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. Examples could include the influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; the influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; and the influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere. The geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are each a system. Assessment is limited to the interactions of two systems at a time.


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