A great READING resource with QUESTIONS and ANSWER KEY included! It focuses on the effects of Spanish-American War.
Included are 1 page reading, 1 page question sheet and 1 page answer key! Perfect for homework assignments, classwork or reading for test review! Can be used for both middle and high school level.
The reading first provides a background context of America’s victory in the Spanish-American War. It explains how defeat of the Spanish represented the waning of European power and influence in the Western Hemisphere. Most importantly, it helps students understand how the end of the war marked America’s beginning in imperialism. The next section focuses on the Treaty of Peace in Paris as it breaks down the terms Spain had to comply. For instance, Spain had to formally recognize Cuba’s independence and give up Guam, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. It also explains how the Treaty of Peace created a national divide between anti-imperialists and pro-imperialists. This includes the purchase of Philippines from Spain for $20 million. Although the Spanish-American War was fought to liberate Cuba, many questioned America’s imperialist motivations. By participating in imperialism, anti-imperialists argued the nation would invalidate its values and principles of democracy. Many questioned whether overseas colonies would be granted constitutional rights. On the other hand, pro-imperialists argued United States should pursue an aggressive imperialist campaign to avoid falling behind economically.
Other reading sections focused on Cuba’s relations with United States after the Spanish-American War. Before the war, the United States assured Cubans through the Teller Amendment it would not take political control and only interested in helping them achieve independence. However after the war, the United States continued to intervene in Cuba and pressured Cuba to agree to the Platt Amendment. The reading breaks down the terms and conditions Cubans had to adhere to. This consisted of authorizing American intervention, adding the Platt Amendment onto their constitution, providing naval bases at Guantanamo Bay and prohibiting treaties with other countries. Lastly, the reading explains how annexation of the Philippines divided the nation as anti-imperialists argued Filipinos should be given constitutional rights. This however was challenged by the Supreme Court through the insular cases. Students will understand how insular cases focused on the status of territories acquired from the Spanish-American War. The reading explains the Supreme Court rulings on insular cases and how it represented America’s inclinations towards imperialism.
Some vocabulary words and key terms included are imperialism, Treaty of Peace, Spanish-American War, Spain, colony, Guam, Puerto Rico, Philippines, Pacific, Caribbean, Great Britain, constitution, Cuba, Teller Amendment, Platt Amendment, Guantanamo Bay, annex, insular cases, Congress and the Supreme Court.
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