This simulation was designed three years ago for use with my Freshman Government classes, and I've conducted it every semester since.
The activity is designed to provide middle or high school students with a better understanding of how the Electoral College operates. After dividing students into five states, the teacher leads the class through a series of mock Presidential elections, in which the students of each state vote to determine the winner of the state’s electoral votes. The candidate who wins more than half of the classroom’s electoral votes is then declared the winner. The teacher may repeat this procedure with various candidate matchups as many times as he or she wishes. Simple in its operation and engaging for students, it is the best activity I have encountered for learning about the complex method we use to select our nation's Chief Executive.
This lesson plan includes:
1. Electoral College Power Point Lecture. Visual and animated, it skips over some of the finer points of the electoral college - elector selection, faithless electors, and the January 6th joint session of Congress - because it was designed for freshman.
2. Simulation Instructions. 3x more detailed than the preview file, the instructions take you step by step through the preparation, direction, and discussion of the simulation.
3. Simulation Charts. Both in printable transparency and Power Point format, they allow you to record and display voting during the simulation.
4. Discussion Questions. Following the instructions, six discussion questions (with answers) allow you to lead your class through some of the finer points of the Electoral College.
Please let me know if you have any questions or concerns about the simulation, and Enjoy!