Are you looking for a comprehensive, engaging, and thought-provoking activity on the Emancipation Proclamation and the contributions of African Americans in the Civil War? Do you want to go totally PAPERLESS? If so, this activity is the one you want!
This "Emancipation: African Americans and the Civil War" Digital Activity includes:
1) A comprehensive study of the debate over emancipation, the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation and its effects on the war and American society, the contributions of African Americans to the war effort, and the differing views of Southerners and Northerners on the capability of African Americans to fight as soldiers in the Civil War. Students will begin by examining the pros and cons faced by President Abraham Lincoln when deciding on whether to free the slaves of the Confederacy at various points in the war. Imagining themselves as Lincoln, students will write in Lincoln's personal diary and weigh the benefits and costs of emancipation throughout 1861 and 1862. Then, your class will read the words of the Emancipation Proclamation and answer questions about the timing of the proclamation, the purpose for issuing it, and the effects it had on the war, including why Lincoln only freed the slaves held in Confederate states. Your students will then examine the role of African Americans in the war effort, including African Americans who served in the U.S. navy, runaway slaves who volunteered as spies and military guides, and why African Americans were segregated from white soldiers. Next, your class will take a look at the valiant 54th Massachusetts regiment and their assault on Fort Wagner. Students will answer questions about the assault, the purpose for forming an all-black regiment, and how the bravery of the 54th might have changed the opinion of some Americans who doubted the ability of black soldiers to serve. Lastly, your class will use two quotes as primary source to evaluate the differences of opinion in the North and South on the capability of African Americans to serve as soldiers in the war. Students will read quotes from Georgia Governor Howell Cobb and Union General Ulysses S. Grant and use the documents to answer questions about the views in the North and South on using African Americans as troops in the Civil War.
The great thing about this activity is that it gives you many different ways to use it. You can have the students work individually on the activity or they can discuss in pairs. You can set it up as a class discussion or debate or have students walk around the room discussing the subject matter. The options for this activity are endless.
2) A detailed answer key to the lesson activity to save you time and help guide student comprehension.
If you need a presentation that aligns with this activity check out our bundle that offers this activity along with a PowerPoint, Keynote and PDF version of a fully customizable lecture to present to your students prior to completing this activity.
If you like this activity, check out our Civil War Unit activity bundle that includes activities for all of the objectives in this unit.
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