# Energy Unit

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This Energy Unit includes five different activities to help in introducing the topic of energy to your students.

The first activity is called, "Energy KWL Chart." Use this sheet as your introduction to the unit. First do the K and W parts of the chart. Then introduce the question: What is energy? to you students (the ability to do work). Then either use movie or a book to help students find the answer to this question and introduce the different types of energy. Then together complete the L part of the chart.

The second activity is called, "Forms of Energy Sort" Students will cut out the fifteen pictures, and sort them into the six different types of energy (Heat, Light, Sound, Mechanical, Chemical, & Electrical). This activity can be done as an independent or whole group activity. The answer key is included!

The third activity is called "Transfer of Energy." This is a flow chart to demonstrate how energy is never created or destroyed but it is only changed and transferred into a new form. Student will cut out the title, pictures, and arrows. Then onto a piece of large construction paper the students will either independently or as a class create the flow chart to show the transfer of energy. The answer key is included!

The fourth activity is called "Energy from the Earth." This flow chart can be used to introduce a specific kind of energy: Fossil Fuels! Together as a class you can discuss what is a fossil fuel, where do they come from, and how we use fossil fuels for energy. The answer key is included!

The fifth and final activity is called "Electrical Circuit." This is a craft that demonstrates how an electrical circuit works. Before completing the craft have students stand in a circle and hold hands. Have students squeeze one another hands or "pass" the electricity around a circuit. Then have two students "break the circuit" or stop holding hands. This is a great way to demonstrate how electricity continuously travels in a circuit and only stops when the circuit is broken. This can also be demonstrated by having students experiment with a real electrical circuit. To create this craft the teacher will need to before hand copy the two batteries on the same color of construction, one light bulb on white construction paper, the other light bulb on yellow construction paper, and the wire on one color of construction paper. Students will then cut the batteries, and light bulbs out. To cult the wires out they will first cut around the circle. Next the will cut the circle in half and then down the black line for two curved wires. The students will then glue the light bulbs and batteries back to back. When connecting the wires to the light bulbs/batteries it is important that the side of the wires with the black break is with the white or "off" lightbulb and the complete wire is on the side with the yellow or "on" lightbulb.

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