The ideas of the Enlightenment philosophers are cornerstones of our society and their study essential to students' understanding of Western history, its aspirations and its failings. However, these foundational texts are too dense and cumbersome for the scope of a typical class. I designed this activity to parallel on-going instruction on the Enlightenment, support critical thinking with these ideas, allow students to touch the words of the thinkers themselves, and serve as both formative and summative assessment platforms.
Suggestions for Use:
Pretest students by asking them to circle any philosophers they recognize and/or match the philosopher to the appropriate quote.
Use the graphic organizer to reinforce differences and similarities – this is a good item for the interactive notebooks if you use them.
Have the students use their interactive notebooks to further reinforce their understanding by cutting and pasting the quotes with the appropriate pictures - adding any background information from other sources of instruction on-going in the classroom – returning to add to this information as their understanding grows.
Use the graphic organizers as formative assessments and as the basis of a summative assessment:
graphic organizers can form a portfolio where the student writes or discusses his/her progress towards mastery of the content.
Use the portfolio on the final unit test
Develop a project and use the resources in the portfolio to synthesize new knowledge.
Differentiate instruction by:
Using the sheet with more or fewer philosophers
Ask students to match the quotes without any cues
Add cues such as highlighting quotes that belong to selected philosophers.