Earthworks Earth Art Land Art ~ Art History Presentation ~ 167 Slides
ENVIRONMENTAL ART HISTORY
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This is a complete presentation on Earth Art History which is highly visual and thoroughly annotated. My preview is 16 of the slides in the presentation for you to download. This will give you the best idea of what the product is like. There are also 4 pop up thumbnails which go with this listing and the below text excerpts.
Earth Art (aka Land Art or Earthworks)
~dawn of the movement was in late 1960s America, coinciding with the nascent ecology movement in America, with its new environmental laws and the creation of the EPA.
~this art asked people to become more aware of the negative impact they have on the natural environment.
~the movement took art out of the gallery or museum and into the natural landscape to create site-specific structures, art forms, and sculptures.
~huge works resulted, as an outgrowth of Conceptualism and Minimalism, which engaged elements of the environment.
~land art could not be bought or sold on the art market
~it was created mostly in remote, uninhabited regions of the USA, particularly the American Southwest.
~photographs & videos were the way most people saw this art work because the works were so inaccessible.
~That was the way they were first exhibited at the Virginia Dwan Gallery in New York in 1968.
~Earth art was also a protest against art’s being a salable good. It was deliberately impossible to buy or sell it.
~installations were mostly mutable, due to nature’s interaction with the piece, which was part of Earth Art’s meaning and thrust.
~“art supplies” for Earthworks were extracted directly from nature, such as stones, water, gravel, and soil.
~genre was influenced by prehistoric artworks such as Stonehenge
~Earth artists mostly left their structures exposed to the elements.
~inevitable disintegration of the art works put them outside of the mainstream the genre explores: humans up against history, time, and natural processes.
~since the controversy about the environment became even more contentious in the new century, this art genre, which waxed and waned over the decades, is still alive and well although more global than it was at its start.
~grants of money are often available for this work because of its high profile with environmental activists, governments and the concept of “public art”.
"Spiral Jetty (Great Salt Lake, Utah) (1970) Artist: Robert Smithson"
~one of the most recognizable works from the Earth art movement.
a 1,500-foot-long and fifteen-foot-wide spiral made of stones, algae, and other organic materials (6,000 tons in all) in the northeastern part of Utah's Great Salt Lake.
~earth-moving company created the spiral out of basalt rock and earth from the surrounding area.
~In 1972, when the water level rose, the work became submerged.
~Thirty years later, the water level changed and Spiral Jetty became visible again, with the basalt rock crusted over with white salt.
~inspired by the Pre-Columbian structure Serpent Mound
~Spiral Jetty is one of the best examples of Earth art
~materials: basalt rock, limestone, earth, and algae configured in a spiral off the shore of the Great Salt Lake
~pivotal aspect was the piece’s being cut off from fresh water supplies in its Great Salt Lake, Utah location.
~lack of fresh water accounted for the unusual color found in that environment, red-violet.
~location’s salt-tolerant bacteria and algae are responsible for coloration.
~coloration looked both polluted and dystopian to Smithson.
~Smithson was highly attracted to the sci-fi genre so it informed his work along with his environmental concerns.
~Smithson's first theme was environmental blight.
~time’s eroding and changing the environment was his second theme.
~crystals grow in coils so it was a natural pattern to adapt to the piece.
the coil is also an ancient symbol.
~effect is an environment which looks at one and the same time both ancient and futuristic.