This is a semester exam covering Earth's spheres (atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere), Earth's energy resources (non-renewable and renewable), and climate change. Learning objectives of these individual units are listed below. Please note this exam includes a broad selection of topics and may not cover each objective specifically. A Jeopardy style review game is included. Answer keys to both the exam and review game are also included. The entire year-long course, "Environmental Science," is also available as a bundle and includes this exam.
Earth's Atmosphere Learning Objectives:
1. Define the atmosphere.
2. Describe why the atmosphere is important to life.
3. Describe the major gases of the atmosphere.
4. Describe non-carbon dioxide combustion related air pollution.
5. Describe atmospheres of other planets.
6. Discuss water vapor and explain relative humidity.
7. Explain atmospheric pressure.
8. Explain temperature.
9. Describe the four layers of the atmosphere.
10. Describe heat transfer through radiation, conduction, and convection.
11. Describe the formation of clouds.
12. Explain why seasons occur.
13. Distinguish between a warm and cold front.
14. Apply Coriolis Effect and convection to global circulation.
15. Distinguish between high and low pressure systems.
16. Explain land and sea breeze.
17. Describe the rainshadow effect.
Earth's Lithosphere Learning Objectives:
1. Understand Geologic time.
2. Describe the layers of Earth.
3. Distinguish between oceanic and continental lithosphere.
4. Define tectonic plates.
5. List features of plate boundaries.
6. Distinguish convergent, divergent, and transform plate boundaries.
7. Explain possible causes of plate motion.
8. Describe the evidence for the theory of plate tectonics.
9. Describe the history of continental plate movement.
10. Describe and identify igneous rocks.
11. Describe and identify sedimentary rocks.
12. Describe and identify metamorphic rocks.
13. Diagram the rock cycle.
Earth’s Hydrosphere Learning Objectives:
1. Define the hydrosphere
2. Describe the molecular structure and physical properties of water.
3. Describe the distribution of Earth’s water.
4. Describe ocean water.
5. Relate oceans to climate.
6. Describe surface water.
7. Identify watersheds for Ashland/Wayne county Ohio.
8. Explain how groundwater accumulates in aquifers.
9. Describe Earth’s frozen water.
10. Describe Earth’s glaciers.
11. Describe alpine glaciers and the geological formations they create.
12. Describe continental glaciers and the geological formations they create.
13. Identify damage related to the hydrosphere.
Earth's Biosphere Part 1 Learning Objectives:
1. Describe the biosphere.
2. Connect the biosphere with the other spheres.
3. Distinguish between organic and inorganic compounds.
4. Explain the differences between the four macromolecules.
5. Explain diversity of species using the concept of evolution.
6. Describe different ways species can interact and explain the consequences.
7. Describe ecosystem equilibrium.
8. Define biodiversity, and explain its benefits.
9. Describe biodiversity loss.
10. Describe how energy moves through ecosystems.
11. Discuss food chains and webs.
Earth's Biosphere Part 2 Learning Objectives:
1. Define the term population.
2. Use sampling to count large populations.
3. Define population density.
4. Discuss disease spread in the human population.
5. Describe the three types of population distribution.
6. Calculate population growth.
7. Analyze age structure diagrams.
8. Describe survivorship curves.
9. Graph population growth.
10. Recognize biotic potential.
11. Analyze the human population growth and carrying capacity.
12. Describe the demographic transition.
13. Analyze the human population and resource use.
Non Renewable Energy Resources Learning Objectives:
1. Explain why energy is necessary.
2. Explain how energy moves.
3. Explain energy efficiency.
4. Explain why humans are dependent on energy.
5. Distinguish between renewable and non-renewable energy sources.
6. Explain the origin and use of fossil fuels.
7. Describe coal.
8. Describe petroleum.
9. Describe natural gas.
10. Describe unconventional fossil fuels.
11. Describe nuclear energy.
12. Describe solutions.
Renewable Energy Resources Learning Objectives:
1. Distinguish between renewable and non-renewable energy sources.
2. Describe future energy demand.
3. Describe biomass.
4. Describe geothermal.
5. Describe hydropower.
6. Describe solar.
7. Describe wind.
Climate Change Learning Objectives:
1. Explain how scientists know past climate.
2. Explain the greenhouse effect.
3. Define global warming and climate change.
4. Describe causes of today’s climate change.
5. Describe temperature change as a greenhouse gases increase.
6. Describe precipitation change as greenhouse gases increase.
7. Relate the jet stream, greenhouse gas increase, and cold weather.
8. Describe sea level change as greenhouse gasses increase.
9. Explain the positive feedback mechanisms of climate change.
10. Recognize data manipulation.