Environmental Science Unit: Minerals, Mining, Soil Formation & Conservation

Grade Levels
9th - 12th, Homeschool
Standards
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Pages
148 pgs + 39 PPT slides
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Description

This comprehensive bundle of lessons, worksheets and lab activities will introduce your students to rocks and minerals, mining, soil horizons and layers, soil texture, and soil composition. Human impacts on the environment are interwoven through each lesson to provide students with a good basis for any environmental science or APES course.

All student pages come in both PRINT and DIGITAL versions for efficient use in class or through distance learning.

What's included?

-10 Teacher Planning Pages (standards document, editable daily pacing guide, differentiation ideas for student interest, ability, and learning environment)

-1 PowerPoint (39 editable slides- highly visual and fully animated)

-4 pages of Cornell Notes (both fill-in-the-blank and editable versions included)

-2 web-quests with corresponding student pages for independent learning

-2 pages of my popular Doodle Notes(TM) and a guide to using them in your classroom

-8 Activities:

  • 4 Hands-on lab activities: Mineral identification lab, edible mining simulation, soil analysis lab, and soil erosion STEM activity
  • 4 individual or group research activities: Mineral social media profile, Types of rocks jigsaw activity, Mining impact research project, Global soil profiles research project

-6 Extension Pages:

  • 4 Digging Deeper extensions for increased critical thinking (The Mining Process, The Smell of Soil, Porosity v. Permeability, Saving the Soil)
  • 2 Data Analysis extensions to focus on interpretation of graphs & math integration (Coal Mining Calculations, Soil Erosion)

-2 quizzes through Google Forms for automatic online grading

-26 editable task cards for a quick and easy unit review

-Editable unit test with multiple-choice and short answer questions (in both honors and regular versions)

-Supplementary Resource Ideas: links and videos for additional explanation or exploration

-Answer keys and grading rubrics for all student pages

What topics are included in this unit?

Minerals, Rocks, & Mining

  • Characteristics and properties of minerals
  • Use of minerals in everyday life
  • Mining methods and impacts (surface v. subsurface, restoration v. reclamation)
  • Preservation of mineral deposits
  • Types of rocks (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic) and their properties
  • Rock cycle

Soil Composition & Conservation

  • Formation of soil
  • Soil horizons and profile
  • Soil particles (sand, silt, clay)
  • Porosity and permeability of soil
  • Soil erosion by wind and water
  • Soil conservation methods

The unit is aligned to NGSS and many state standards. If you’d like to know whether your state standards are covered, you can send me an email at support@suburbanscience.com.

NGSS addressed in this unit: MS-ESS3-4, HS-ESS2-2, HS-ESS2-5, HS-ESS2-7, HS-ESS3-1, HS-ESS3-2, HS-ESS3-3, HS-ESS3-4, HS-ESS3-6, HS-LS2-7, HS-ETS1-1, HS-ETS1-2, HS-ETS1-3, . Additional details on standards are included in the teacher planning pages of this course.

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*For more details about the specific topics and items included, please see my PREVIEW.*

Where can I find other Environmental Science lessons?

Intro to Environmental Science

Biosphere Unit 1: Ecology, Food webs, and Symbiosis

Biosphere Unit 2: Species and Population Ecology

Biosphere Unit 3: World Biomes, Ecological Succession, and Biodiversity

Atmosphere: Weather, Wind, and Biogeochemical Cycles

Geosphere Unit 1: Plate Tectonics and Landforms

Geosphere Unit 2: Minerals, Mining, and Soil

Geosphere Unit 3: Fossil Fuels and Renewable Energy

Hydrosphere Unit 1: Surface Water, Groundwater, and the Water Cycle

Hydrosphere Unit 2: Marine Biomes and Water Pollution

Land Use & Sustainability

Or get the Full Environmental Science Curriculum which includes all these units!

What curriculum could I use with this lesson?

This lesson is ideally geared toward high school students and would work well with a general-level Environmental Science or Biology textbook. It addresses the following topics in AP Environmental Science (APES):

  • 4.2: Soil Formation and Erosion
  • 4.3: Soil Composition and Properties
  • 5.4: Impact of Agricultural Practices
  • 5.9: Impacts of Mining
  • 5.15: Sustainable Agriculture
  • 6.4: Distribution of Natural Energy Resources
  • 8.2: Human Impacts on Ecosystems

Can I edit these resources to fit my needs?

Some of the files in this unit are editable. The text on the PowerPoints, Cornell Notes, and task cards is all editable so you can adjust the level of content and wording. The pacing guide, printable unit tests, and online quizzes through Google Forms™ are all fully editable. Web-quests, activities, extension pages, and any images included in this unit are in non-editable PDF formats to protect my intellectual property rights and those of the illustrators whose images I’ve purchased for use in this resource.

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I value your feedback. Please rate this product. If you have any issues or questions about this product, please feel free to ask a question in my store or write to me at support@suburbanscience.com.

Total Pages
148 pgs + 39 PPT slides
Answer Key
Included
Teaching Duration
1 month
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Standards

to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
NGSSHS-ESS2-5
Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes. Emphasis is on mechanical and chemical investigations with water and a variety of solid materials to provide the evidence for connections between the hydrologic cycle and system interactions commonly known as the rock cycle. Examples of mechanical investigations include stream transportation and deposition using a stream table, erosion using variations in soil moisture content, or frost wedging by the expansion of water as it freezes. Examples of chemical investigations include chemical weathering and recrystallization (by testing the solubility of different materials) or melt generation (by examining how water lowers the melting temperature of most solids).
NGSSHS-LS2-7
Design, evaluate, and refine a solution for reducing the impacts of human activities on the environment and biodiversity. Examples of human activities can include urbanization, building dams, and dissemination of invasive species.
NGSSHS-ETS1-2
Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.
NGSSHS-ETS1-3
Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
NGSSHS-ESS3-2
Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios. Emphasis is on the conservation, recycling, and reuse of resources (such as minerals and metals) where possible, and on minimizing impacts where it is not. Examples include developing best practices for agricultural soil use, mining (for coal, tar sands, and oil shales), and pumping (for petroleum and natural gas). Science knowledge indicates what can happen in natural systems—not what should happen.

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