This file includes a two-page lesson plan, a double-sided worksheet, and the answer key. The lesson plan is scripted and includes questions, misconceptions to address, and anticipated student responses.
Using unifix cubes (or any other colored object), students will first build a group of unifix cubes. They will then identify the fraction of the group that is a particular color, which is a review of earlier standards. Next, they'll rearrange the cubes to make fewer, larger groups, which will lead them to identify the equivalent fraction.
(Example: Of a group of 6 cubes, 3 are blue. Students identify that 3/6 are blue. Then, they make two groups of 3 cubes, while keeping the blue cubes in the same group. Now, there are 2 groups of cubes, and 1 group is blue. Therefore, 1/2 is equivalent to 3/6.)
This lesson lasted about 30 minutes with a group of six students, so for a class it might take closer to 35-40 minutes. After teaching this lesson, it could easily be used in math centers or as an independent work station.