Essay Writing - APEC Paragraph Structure: Four Pieces of a Strong Paragraph

Essay Writing - APEC Paragraph Structure: Four Pieces of a Strong Paragraph
Essay Writing - APEC Paragraph Structure: Four Pieces of a Strong Paragraph
Essay Writing - APEC Paragraph Structure: Four Pieces of a Strong Paragraph
Essay Writing - APEC Paragraph Structure: Four Pieces of a Strong Paragraph
Essay Writing - APEC Paragraph Structure: Four Pieces of a Strong Paragraph
Essay Writing - APEC Paragraph Structure: Four Pieces of a Strong Paragraph
Essay Writing - APEC Paragraph Structure: Four Pieces of a Strong Paragraph
Essay Writing - APEC Paragraph Structure: Four Pieces of a Strong Paragraph
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Empower your students with the APEC paragraph structure! This writing guide introduces students to two fundamental and widely applicable strategies in academic essay writing: the APEC paragraph structure and the global statement. These strategies create a strong foundation for students to practice writing and revising complex assignments, including:

• Argumentative Essays
• Narrative Essays
• Compare/Contrast Essays
• Literary Analysis
• Research Papers
• Scientific Papers
• Professional Reports

Let's get started! Preview the first pages of the writing guide, and download the free essay rubric that accompanies the writing guide as an editable Microsoft Word template!

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The APEC Paragraph Structure writing guide introduces your students to the following topics, with examples from academic writing on a variety of topics in both the humanities and the sciences. The writing guide also includes a memorable diagram to help your students visualize an academic essay.

Welcome Letter to Students

APEC Paragraph Structure
• A - Assert
• P - Provide Evidence
• E - Explain the Evidence
• C - Connect the Paragraph to the Global Statement

The Introduction
The Conclusion

Providing Several Pieces of Evidence
• A(PE)(PE)C
• Counterarguments
• Extended Narration

Respond Responsibly
• Reflective Listening
• Ideology Template
• Hedging

Sample Rubric for Academic Essays

Resources
• Writing Resources
• Style and Citation Guides
• Critical Thinking
• Introduction to Scientific Writing

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As we draft and revise an academic essay, we need an organizing principle to confirm which pieces are relevant, to identify irrelevant pieces, and to realize what still needs to be written. One such organizing principle is the APEC paragraph structure:

• A - Assert
• P - Provide Evidence
• E - Explain the Evidence
• C - Connect the Paragraph to the Global Statement

Though we organize information into distinct paragraphs, the paragraphs are not independent. What connects our paragraphs is a global statement, which conventionally appears at the very end of the introduction. Here, when we say global statement, we refer to the sentence that unifies each local part of the essay into a cohesive, global whole. In humanities papers, the global statement is often an argument called the thesis. In scientific writing, your global statement is expressed as a prediction or a goal called the hypothesis. Otherwise, the global statement might intuitively be called the main point, the main argument, the central question, or the bigger-picture statement. Whatever form it takes in context, the global statement motivates the entire essay.

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Author: Josh Borja
Teacher + Editor + Writer

Writing has been a meaningful, concrete, and social practice for me. I hope to make it so for as many students as possible by creating resources such as the APEC Paragraph Structure writing guide. I have adapted these strategies for 11+ years in both the humanities and the sciences—first as a high-school student, then as a university student, writing consultant across the disciplines, teaching assistant for writing-intensive university courses, business writing assessor, and now as an Adjunct Lecturer for undergraduate English Composition.

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Total Pages
42 pages
Answer Key
N/A
Teaching Duration
Lifelong tool
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