Students need to know that when evaluating evidence in a written text, they need to give appropriate evidence. A lot of the information in a given text can be inadequate evidence that will not give enough information to help students draw their own conclusions for a given piece. Once students realize and see examples and know what is appropriate evidence and what is inappropriate evidence, their writing becomes clearer.
In this lesson, two charts are given that have informational terms used for evaluating evidence. There are certain terms students need to know when reading informational texts that will help them gather appropriate evidence. Terms, definitions, and examples of the following are given on a chart: summarize, quotations, direct quotations, statistics, case studies, inadequate evidence, inappropriate evidence, facts, opinions, and valid opinions. The first page gives examples on how to use as lessons the Informational Terms for Evaluating Evidence charts given. You can use the charts multiple ways to help students identify how to evaluate evidence. After knowing and using the Evaluating Evidence terminology listed and given, students are more capable of choosing better textual evidence to use when answering questions during reading. These charts are excellent tools to use and really help students choose better evidence when citing texts.