This zip file contains many different activities (46 pages of student handouts and 2 PowerPoints with a total of 61 slides) which can be used to compose a unit for AP Biology or advanced Biology students involving evidences for evolution and natural selection. Some topics addressed in this unit include a discussion of evidences for evolution (fossil record, relative dating, radioactive dating, continental drift, biochemical evidence, comparative cytology and comparative embryology), Lamarck's theory of evolution, Darwin-Wallace theory of natural selection, criticisms of Darwin's theory, genetic sources of variation, evidences of evolution in modern times (peppered moth, insecticide resistance and antibiotic resistance), directional, stabilizing and diversifying selection, the concept of a gene pool, as well as many other topics. More specifics on the learning goals addressed in this learning package may be viewed near the end of this course description.
While these lessons were originally designed for my AP Biology curriculum, they can be adapted to any advanced level Biology program. The Educational Testing Service also provides two labs which fit well with this unit. Links to obtain these labs are included in the "read me first" text file in this zip file package. This read me first file also contains links to an online textbook which can be used in replacement of traditional classroom textbooks.
This lesson packet contains a listing of the learning goals, common core learning standards, NGSS learning standards and the AP Biology performance indicators addressed in these materials. These are included in the packet and at the end of the description of this lesson.
The components of this lesson package can easily be displayed to students using an LCD projector and may be readily modified into formats facilitating smartboard technology. Most documents are included in both word and pdf format to allow editing for specific teacher needs.
Answer keys are included for all listed student work items. Student files have been provided in both editable word and pdf format to allow you to edit the activities to meet the needs of the students in your classroom.
Two activities available for purchase individually are included in this zip file. These are the Evolution Caught in the Act activity and the Natural Selection Lab activity. More specifics on these activities can be viewed by clicking on the links listed below the list of items in this zip file.
The specific contents of the learning package includes the following items (the page count for these items are actual student handouts as answer key page counts are not included):
-- Learning Goals and Objectives for this unit correlated to the AP Bio ETS, NGSS and Common Core Learning standards (3 pages)
-- Evolution Completion Notes: Evidences for Evolution and Natural Selection (15 pages)
-- PowerPoint to accompany the Completion Notes (55 slides)
-- Bell ringer review PowerPoint evidences for evolution (6 slides)
-- Evolution Caught in the Act (reading and writing activity) (7 pages)
-- Natural Selection Activity (stabilizing, directional and diversifying selection) (12 pages)
-- Evidences for Evolution and Natural Selection Worksheet (correlated to the Open Stax Biology textbook free online) (21 questions/5 pages)
-- Natural Selection and Evidences for Evolution quiz (34 multiple choice and 2 written response questions) (5 pages)
Please click on the links to each individual unit to view specific details about each unit.
Evolution Caught in the Act Reading and Writing Activity
Natural Selection Activity
Evolution--Natural Selection Learning Goals
Upon completion of this unit:
1. Explain the importance of the fossil record to the study of evolution and describe how fossils form.
2. Distinguish between relative dating and absolute dating.
3. Explain how isotopes can be used in absolute dating.
4. Explain how continental drift may have played a role in history of life.
5. Discuss how biochemistry is used to establish evolutionary relationships.
6. Describe Jean Baptiste Lamarck's model for how adaptations evolve.
7. Describe how Charles Darwin used his observations to formulate and support his theory of evolution.
8. Describe Darwin's theory of natural selection.
9. Explain what evidence convinced Darwin that species change over time.
10. Explain why variation was so important to Darwin's theory.
11. Discuss several examples of natural selection in modern times.
12. Distinguish between and list examples of directional, disruptional and stabilizing selection.
ETS AP Biology Learning Objectives
LO 1.1 The student is able to convert a data set from a table of numbers that
reflect a change in the genetic makeup of a population over time and to apply
mathematical methods and conceptual understandings to investigate the cause(s)
and effect(s) of this change. [See SP 1.5, 2.2]
LO 1.2 The student is able to evaluate evidence provided by data to qualitatively and quantitatively investigate the role of natural selection in evolution. [See SP 2.2, 5.3]
LO 1.4 The student is able to evaluate data-based evidence that describes
evolutionary changes in the genetic makeup of a population over time. [See SP 5.3]
LO 1.5 The student is able to connect evolutionary changes in a population over
time to a change in the environment.[See SP 7.1]
LO 1.9 The student is able to evaluate evidence provided by data from many
scientific disciplines that support biological evolution. [See SP 5.3]
LO 1.10 The student is able to refine evidence based on data from many scientific
disciplines that support biological evolution. [See SP 5.2]
LO 1.11 The student is able to design a plan to answer scientific questions
regarding how organisms have changed over time using information from
morphology, biochemistry and geology. [See SP 4.2]
LO 1.12 The student is able to connect scientific evidence from many scientific
disciplines to support the modern concept of evolution. [See SP 7.1]
LO 1.13 The student is able to construct and/or justify mathematical models,
diagrams or simulations that represent processes of biological evolution. [See
SP 1.1, 2.1]
LO 1.25 The student is able to describe a model that represents evolution within
a population. [See SP 1.2]
LO 1.26 The student is able to evaluate given data sets that illustrate evolution as an ongoing process. [See SP 5.3]
NGSS Learning Standards
Students who demonstrate understanding can:
HS-LS4-1. Communicate scientific information that common ancestry and biological evolution are supported by multiple lines of empirical evidence.
HS-LS4-2. Construct an explanation based on evidence that the process of evolution primarily results from four factors: (1) the potential for a species to increase in number, (2) the heritable genetic variation of individuals in a species due to mutation and sexual reproduction, (3) competition for limited resources, and (4) the proliferation of those organisms that are better able to survive and reproduce in the environment
HS-LS4-3. Apply concepts of statistics and probability to support explanations that organisms with an advantageous heritable trait tend to increase in proportion to organisms lacking this trait.
HS-LS4-4. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how natural selection leads to adaptation of populations.
HS-LS4-5. Evaluate the evidence supporting claims that changes in environmental conditions may result in: (1) increases in the number of individuals of some species, (2) the emergence of new species over time, and (3) the extinction of other species.
Common Core State Standards Connections:
RST.11-12.1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to important distinctions the author makes and to any gaps or inconsistencies in the account.
RST.11-12.8 Evaluate the hypotheses, data, analysis, and conclusions in a science or technical text, verifying the data when possible and corroborating or challenging conclusions with other sources of information.
WHST.9-12.2 Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
WHST.9-12.9 Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
MP.4 Model with mathematics.
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