A few years ago, a King Penguin was found on South Georgia Island, near Antarctica. This penguin was unusual because of its all black coloration unlike other members of its species which have the typical penguin coloration. This original DBQ explores some of the questions which relate to this color variation including principles of evolution, mutations, genetics, reproductive biology and Hardy-Weinberg. This would be an excellent real life exploration for pairs or small groups of students to discuss in a variety of advanced Biology settings. A web-link is provided with a photograph of the penguin. An answer key is also provided.