As a teacher, I teach to the California State Science Standards. Students in my advanced geology course do an entire in-depth unit in astronomy including concepts such as:
What is the big bang theory? How is the big bang theory different than the nebular theory?
How did the planets form? Why do all the planets revolve around the sun in the same direction? Why are there craters on planets throughout the solar system?
At the end of my astronomy unit students take a comprehensive written exam. This exam asks questions pertaining to each of the California astronomy standards.