Excel® file for creating pie charts.
Developed by Richard Garth for use by Lyn Weiner
This file may be downloaded and used to graphically display the results from giving the Test of Language for Learning-Kindergarten (TOLL-K). Scores, which range from 0 – 100, are grouped according to the language development levels described in Preparing for Success: Meeting the language and learning needs of young children from poverty homes (Weiner, 2001).
In the preschool years, children develop oral language (or the ability to listen) in three areas that are measured by the TOLL-K:
Sentence contraction (syntax)
Language use (pragmatics).
Language development moves through stages distinguished by the degree of environmental cues (or context) children need to send and receive messages. Entering kindergarten children have attained one of five language development levels:
RED/1: Complete dependence on the environment. (Contextualized language.) Children learn best when directly exploring of objects while hearing actions described. (Here and now learning)
YELLOW/2: Partial dependence on the environment. (Contextualized language.) Children learn best when directly exploring of objects while holding brief 1 to 1 conversations with adults. (Here and now learning)
GREEN/3: Transitioning toward independence from the environment. (Partially decontextualized language.) Children learn best when participation in sequences of activities, then discussing them. (Transition to there and then learning)
BLUE/4: Independent from the environment (Decontextualized language.) Children can use language to learn about things they have not directly experienced.
VIOLET/5: Independent from the environment (Decontextualized language.) Children can use language to build internal models for evaluating incoming information.
Analysis of TOLL-K results indicates that kindergarten students from low income (Title I) schools score at the RED/1, YELLOW/2, and GREEN/3 levels. Students from professional homes score in the GREEN/3, BLUE/4, and even VIOLET/5 range.
Complete instruction for use is included in the Excel file.