Christopher Columbus and other explorers eventually realized they had discovered an entire new world that Europeans did not know existed. European countries began making claims on different portions of the Americas. Thousands came to the Americas and started to send goods and resources back to Europe.
New goods between to the “new” world and the “old” world began to be transported between the regions. This was called the Columbian Exchange. European nations began to have hostility toward each other in fighting for the new land. In 1494, to avoid conflict, Spain and Portugal signed the Treaty of Tordesillas and divided the Western Hemisphere.
Conquistadors were Spaniards who, motivated by the prospect of wealth, left to explore the Americas. In 1519, Hernando Cortes and over five hundred men went to conquer the Aztecs and take their gold. Montezuma, an Aztec leader, thought Cortes was a god and agreed to give him gold. The Spaniards forced the Aztecs to mine for gold and they rebelled and forced the Conquistadors out. In 1521, Cortes gathered an alliance of other Native Americans to fight the Aztecs. Many of the Native Americans were being killed off by disease in this time as well.
Spain had control of areas in North America, including modern day New Mexico, San Antonio, and San Diego. Spanish men married Native American women and created the Mestizo race. Spain and England went to war over the new world claims. Spain sent the Spanish Armada to attack England in 1588; yet, they failed. From that point forward, England controlled the North American territory bordering the Atlantic.
US History Lesson Plans Include
1) Bell ringer / opening activity
2) PowerPoint presentation
3) Guided notes worksheet for PowerPoint presentation
4) Bonus worksheet (vocabulary, crosswords, word search, etc.)
5) Daily quiz / assessment - exit slip!
6) Content reading handout
7) Compatible with ALL textbooks
8) Answer keys for all worksheets, handouts, & assessments
9) Editable documents (word, PowerPoint, etc.)
10) PDF copies for easy viewing & printing
11) Aligned to national standards
12) Works with Unit or as a stand alone lesson
13) Other bonus materials (videos, extra worksheets, etc.)
Most of our plans include the contents of this list. Please see the photo above for actual contents.