This Short and Long Vowels Review includes 21 pages:
Page 1: Short vowel review
Page 2: Long vowel review
Pages 3-13: Additional Word Study Resources
Level 3 Word Study Scope and Sequence
Word Study Procedures
Word Study Day by Day Teacher’s Guide / Lesson Plans including independent and small group activities and games.
Word Study Student Sheet
Word Study Homework Agenda
Word Study Parent Letter
Pages 14-: answer key
Teaching the short vowel sounds is a must. Here’s Why! Here’s the Proof!
Efficient readers and spellers need to have knowledge of the 5 (sometimes “y as the 6th) short vowels and their sounds.
• 1320 one syllable words contain the short vowel sounds.
o Only 88 of these are not purely phonetic and must be memorized as sight words. The others are easily sounded out.
• A person who has thorough knowledge of phonics will be able to attack 94 percent of our English words that contain just the short sounds of vowels.
o 268 words contain the short sound of "a" as in "at".
o 223 words contain the short sound of "e" as in "get".
o 365 words contain the short sound of "i" as in "pig".
o 134 one syllable words containing the short vowel sound of "o" as in "mop".
o 251 one syllable words containing the short sound of "u" as in "mud".
When a reader or writer can recognize short vowels (“a” as in “at”) and short vowel blends (“bl” as in “blend), s/he has command of 62 percent of the phonetic syllables in the entire English language!
Students who master the ability to correctly sound the short vowels have the foundation of phonetic skills upon which to build the English language and can therefore attack the remaining 28 percent of English language words.
Rules to follow or break!
In word study it is commonly known that the English language has two kinds of letters: vowels and consonants. The vowels are a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y or w. The consonants are the letters that are not vowels: b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, z. Long vowels make the same sound just as it is when the alphabet is recited (“a” as in bake). Short vowels have a softer sound (“a” as in “tag”).
There are some common rules for pronouncing words with short and long vowels. However, with any rule there are always exceptions. These are indicated in our word sorts as ”odd- ball words.”
1. Short -Vowel Pattern: If a one syllable word has a vowel in the middle, (consonant– vowel-consonant), the vowel usually has a short sound: Examples: fat, log, pan, mat, bad, not. Exception example: was
(If the letter after the vowel is f, l, or s, this letter is often doubled. Examples: staff, ball, pass.)
2. Two-Vowels Together Pattern: If two vowels are next to each other in a word, (consonant-vowel-vowel-consonant), the first vowel is usually long and the second vowel is silent. Examples: beat, mail, pain, float, lie, pie. Exception example: foil
3. Vowel-Consonant-_e Pattern: If a short word, or the last syllable of a longer word, ends in “e”, (vowel-consonant_e), the first vowel is usually long and the e is silent. Examples: face, shake, vice, smoke, cube. Exception example: love
4. Final vowel pattern: If a short word ends with a vowel, (consonant- vowel), the vowel is usually long. Examples: my, go, she. Exception example: to
Of course, all word study is based on the continuing assessment of students’ individual needs.
Visit us at www.exploringwords.com to see what other word study sorts are available for you and your students. Be sure to follow us on TPT. Additional word study sorts will be available soon.