Morphological Awareness (MA) is defined as ”the study of word structure” (Carlisle, 2004). More specifically, MA includes (Apel, 2014):
- awareness of spoken and written forms of words
- the meanings of affixes and how they alter word meanings and grammatical classes
- the relationship between the base word and their inflected/derived forms
MA impacts language and literacy skills. Researchers have found strong correlations between MA and success in reading, writing and spelling (Green & Wolter, 2011). Therefore, it is critical that these skills be explicitly taught and assessed to ensure continued development throughout the elementary school years.
There are no current standardized assessments that offer an “all-inclusive” assessment of morphology. While some tests exist (e.g. Word Structure test from the CELF-5), there are no comprehensive assessments that help isolate skills to determine a child's strengths and needs with respect to MA.
In this assessment sample, there is an informal assessments for a critical MA skills for grades K-1 This assessment tool can be used to baseline students for IEP/intervention goals and monitor progress in therapy/intervention.