Fact Families: Multiplication and Division

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  1. Want your students to have fun while memorizing their basic multiplication and division facts? This bundle contains everything you need to help your students develop fact fluency in multiplication and division. Students work through step by step levels to multiply and divide fluently. Games, post
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Fact Family Multiplication and Division
Animal Theme

Focusing on Fact Families is a helpful strategy for learning the relationship between multiplication and division. Some of my student seem to have an aversion to division. When I show them that knowing how to multiply can help them divide, they see it as a short cut. Really, it helps develop basic algebraic understanding.

When I help older students, I find that students that used fact families to understand this relationship between multiplication and division, have a better foundation for things like order of operations and algebra.


Triangle Flash Cards
Directions and Study Guide pages 3-4
Color Flashcards pages 5-13
Black and White Flashcards pages 14-22

Placemats for smartboard display, lamination or sheet protectors pages 23-26

Worksheet for use with all Flashcards sets page 27
Scaffolded version page 28

Art Extension Activities pages 29-33

Fact Family Dance Direction and Cards 34-46

Leveled Quizzes pages 47-56

Certificate page 57

Answer Keys page 58-63

This is a key component of operations and algebraic thinking.

Watch a video of my Fact Families Addition and Subtract unit here. The two units are very similar.

Check out other
Fact Fluency resources here
Total Pages
63 pages
Answer Key
Teaching Duration
1 month
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to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 × 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers.
Understand division as an unknown-factor problem. For example, find 32 ÷ 8 by finding the number that makes 32 when multiplied by 8.
Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide. Examples: If 6 × 4 = 24 is known, then 4 × 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) 3 × 5 × 2 can be found by 3 × 5 = 15, then 15 × 2 = 30, or by 5 × 2 = 10, then 3 × 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 × 5 = 40 and 8 × 2 = 16, one can find 8 × 7 as 8 × (5 + 2) = (8 × 5) + (8 × 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive property.)


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