Fascism is a political movement that promotes an extreme form of nationalism and militarism. It also includes a denial of individual rights and dictatorial one-party rule. Nazism was the Fascist movement that developed in Germany in the 1920s and the 1930s; it included a belief in the racial superiority of the German people. The Fascists in Italy were led by Benito Mussolini, shown in the chart at right.
1. Which political, cultural, and economic characteristics helped make fascism an authoritarian system?
2. What characteristics of fascism might make it attractive to people during times of crisis such as the Great Depression?