The Federalist Era: Washington, Hamilton, Jefferson & Adams – Foreign & Domestic Challenges, the Rise of Partisanship, and the Legacy of the Era
Part I of this This lesson teaches students about the influences of George Washington’s presidency and Alexander Hamilton’s economic policies on the formation of the new nation. The students will understand the challenges confronted by the government and its leaders in the early years of the republic. In Part I we will focus on the economic, governmental, and domestic challenges while in For Part II we move on to foreign and political as Washington closes out his term and Adams takes over the presidency. Content covered in this lesson includes:
• Washington’s executive precedents | • The First U.S. Congress and the addition of the Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution | • The First Cabinet | • Hamilton vs. Jefferson – an introduction | • Hamilton’s assumption of state and national debts, and the importance of credit | • Hamilton’s bargain on the Southern location of the national capital | • The First National Bank | • “Implied Powers” – the Necessary & Proper Clause | • Tariffs & Protectionism | • Excise Taxes |• The Whiskey Rebellion | • Westward Expansion and tension with the Native populations of the Northwest Territories | • Britain and Spain’s role in the Northwest Native War’s – St. Clair’s Defeat & the Battle of Fallen Timbers |• Washington’s response to these events (General Anthony Wayne, the Treaty of Greenville) | • Impact of the French Revolution on American politics | • Choosing sides: Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans | • British impressment vs. French recruitment | • The Jay Treaty | • The Pinckney Treaty | •Washington’s Farewell Address – warnings: foreign alliances, political parties | • Peaceful transfer of power | • Two-term precedent (FDR, 22nd Amendment) |• Washington returns to Mount Vernon (death, fleeing his slaves, Father of the Country, his service) | • The rise of political parties / factions | • Federalists vs. Democratic-Republican core beliefs | • The Election of 1796 | • Quasi-War with France | • XYZ Affair | •Alien & Sedition Acts
• Completed lesson plan with step-by-step instructions and additional activities
• 2 PowerPoint presentations
• 2 Worksheets
• 2 Quizzes
• 2 Flipped classroom videos
• 2 Guided notetaking files
• 2 Crossword puzzles
• Additional Activities
Check out the YouTube videos that goes with this lesson @ Mr. Raymond’s Civics & Social Studies Academy YouTube channel:
Federalist Era Part I
Federalist Era Part II
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