This lesson engages students using a variety of methods, including cartoon and primary source document analysis, and a culminating activity that allows teachers to gage students' understanding of the topic.
Students will apply their knowledge of the failures of the Articles of Confederation and definitions provided to them to identify and evaluate the values of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists at the Constitutional Convention. At the end of the handout are quotes that would have been said by either a Federalist or Anti-Federalist. the room is divided in half, and students are each given one randomly-selected quote. It is their job to determine which political group would have said the quote, and they write their choice on the back of the paper. I have my students crumple their papers up and throw them across the room to a student on the opposite side, but if your seating arrangement doesn't allow for that you can simple collect and redistribute the papers. Have students check their class-mates response and make any necessary changes if they believe their answers are incorrect.
At that point they should put their name on the paper, and tape their quote to a teacher-made T-chart in the front of the room on either the federalist or anti-federalist side. Review the quotes with the class, asking if they agree or disagree with the quote's final placement.