After learning about different types of figurative language (hyperbole, alliteration, assonance, onomatopoeia, personification, idiom), students can apply what they learned by looking through poems to find figurative language, identify what type it is, and explain the purpose or meaning.
I provide my students with a variety of poetry books to look through (Shel Silverstein, Ken Nesbitt, Jack Prelutsky collections, etc.). When they come across an example of figurative language, they write the poem title/poet, the lines that contain the figurative language, type of figurative language, and explain what the purpose or meaning of the figurative language is. I always model for students how to find an example and explain the purpose or meaning before sending them off to look on their own.
An example is provided in the PDF.