Forces of Nature - Day 3

Grade Levels
6th - 9th
Standards
Resource Type
Formats Included
  • Zip
Pages
5 pages
$1.00
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  1. This is a bundle of all of the lessons, labs, PowerPoints, and worksheets for Unit 6: Earth's Systems. The bundle also includes the Unit 6 Test and its answer key. For a walkthrough of the unit, including pictures and videos, please click here.
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  2. This bundle includes an entire year's worth of material. It includes lessons, labs, projects, tests and more. The seven units include are as follows:Unit 1 - Forces and MotionUnit 2 - ChemistryUnit 3 - GeneticsUnit 4 - EvolutionUnit 5- AstronomyUnit 6 - Earth's SystemsUnit 7 - Environmental ScienceT
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Description

The second challenge in our Forces of Nature project was different. Instead of dealing with a disaster-in-progress like yesterday, today was about planning and preparedness. The email students received started off like this: “Dear FEMA, my name is Amy Keller, I work in the White House Expense Office. The latest senate session has decided to issue a $500 million grant for ‘Earthquake Planning and Preparedness.’ I am contacting you to ask for advice on how to best spend the money.”

Students worked in teams of two and attempted to determine which cities deserved a portion of the money. By using the maps posted below, students determined that San Francisco, Los Angeles, and San Diego should receive the majority of the funds. Then they got to work making recommendations on how the money should be spent. Should they strengthen roadways and bridges? Is it worth it to reinforce skyscrapers? Which is better, a sea-wall or tsunami detection buoys? In their emails, students provided $500 million worth of answers.

For a copy of all of the project materials for Day 3, please click the link above. (To see the project in action, please click here.)

Total Pages
5 pages
Answer Key
N/A
Teaching Duration
45 minutes
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Standards

to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
NGSSMS-ESS2-3
Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of the past plate motions. Examples of data include similarities of rock and fossil types on different continents, the shapes of the continents (including continental shelves), and the locations of ocean structures (such as ridges, fracture zones, and trenches). Paleomagnetic anomalies in oceanic and continental crust are not assessed.
NGSSMS-ESS2-2
Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales. Emphasis is on how processes change Earth’s surface at time and spatial scales that can be large (such as slow plate motions or the uplift of large mountain ranges) or small (such as rapid landslides or microscopic geochemical reactions), and how many geoscience processes (such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and meteor impacts) usually behave gradually but are punctuated by catastrophic events. Examples of geoscience processes include surface weathering and deposition by the movements of water, ice, and wind. Emphasis is on geoscience processes that shape local geographic features, where appropriate.
NGSSMS-ESS2-1
Develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth’s materials and the flow of energy that drives this process. Emphasis is on the processes of melting, crystallization, weathering, deformation, and sedimentation, which act together to form minerals and rocks through the cycling of Earth’s materials. Assessment does not include the identification and naming of minerals.
NGSSMS-ESS2-4
Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity. Emphasis is on the ways water changes its state as it moves through the multiple pathways of the hydrologic cycle. Examples of models can be conceptual or physical. A quantitative understanding of the latent heats of vaporization and fusion is not assessed.
NGSSMS-ESS2-6
Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates. Emphasis is on how patterns vary by latitude, altitude, and geographic land distribution. Emphasis of atmospheric circulation is on the sunlight-driven latitudinal banding, the Coriolis effect, and resulting prevailing winds; emphasis of ocean circulation is on the transfer of heat by the global ocean convection cycle, which is constrained by the Coriolis effect and the outlines of continents. Examples of models can be diagrams, maps and globes, or digital representations. Assessment does not include the dynamics of the Coriolis effect.

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