This powerpoint presentation includes Essential Questions: 1) Why do governments exist and what are their functions? 2)What are the reasons governments change? 3)Is it better to have a strong central government or strong state governments? Each EQ has 3 "I Can" statements with detailed overviews and supporting slides with bell ringers, notes, 10 activities/assignments, vocabulary, and teacher instruction/tips at bottom of slides, 10 supporting video clips and creative, colored slides to which students can relate. Topics covered: Authoritarian & Democratic Governments, Republic versus Democracy, Majority rule versus Minority rights, Magna Carta - Mayflower Compact, Influence of Enlightenment Philosophers - Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Social Contract, Natural Rights, Popular Sovereignty, Declaration of Independence, American Revolution, boycott, Stamp Act, Boston Massacre, Boston Tea Party, Continental Congress, Annapolis Convention, legacy of Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, confederacy, weaknesses of Articles of Confederation and Shay's Rebellion. There are notes included in the slides, but many slides are also meant to support and enhance your material on these topics as well. There are instructions for teacher created activities / handouts and you will need to purchase gummy bears for one student activity.