This lesson aims to improve students’ understanding of plot and characterisation in Mary Shelley’s gothic horror novel 'Frankenstein,' through critical engagement with the monster’s justification for murder. The lesson places a particular focus upon the hardship and suffering experienced by the monster, in addition to the discrimination and loneliness that he experiences. The lesson concludes with students completing a highly-informed argumentative piece, detailing whether they feel the monster was justified or not.
The lesson follows a step-by-step learning journey, in which children learn through:
- Recalling and understanding who, when, and why the monster kills individuals throughout the text;
- Reading and understanding key extracts from the text, which include third-person narration from the monster discussing his actions;
- Comprehending the key elements of plot development and character, through interpreting and inferring the key meanings in extracts;
- Listing opposite sides of an argument in regarding the monster's justification, in order to build a stronger case;
- Using the features of writing to argue in order to contend whether the monster was justified in his actions or not;
- Peer assessing each other's learning attempts.
- Whole lesson PowerPoint - colourful and substantial; (including an animated Frankenstein's monster to guide them through the lesson);
- Comprehension worksheet (and a teacher answer sheet);
- Extracts from Chapters 16 and 24;
- Card-sorting resources for the introduction task;
- Writing to Argue Help-sheet;
- Analysis template with success criteria for creating well-structured responses;
- Comprehensive lesson plan.
There are also opportunities for group learning, peer assessment, and whole class discussion. This was originally taught to middle-ability year 9/10 groups, but can easily be differentiated for groups of different ages and abilities.
All images are licensed for commercial use, and image rights are listed on the last page of the presentation.