On 8 December 1941, the day after the attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawai‘i, President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered one of the most famous addresses in American history to a joint session of Congress, with millions of Americans listening by radio across the nation. In this speech, Roosevelt made the famous pronouncement that the date of the attack would “live in infamy.” He outlined Japanese aggressions then occurring against the United States and its allies and asked Congress to exercise its constitutional power to declare war against Japan. It did so within the hour, with only one dissenting vote.
This handout includes both a transcript of Roosevelt’s speech as well as the text of the joint resolution by which Congress declared that the United States was at war with Japan.
The handout is designed with classroom needs in mind. The text is set in easy-to-read, 11-point type. Lines of text are numbered for easy reference in classroom discussion. A lined section on the right side of the page provides space for the reader to take notes. (These lines use the same spacing as college-ruled notepaper.) An introduction provides brief context and background to the reader. Several footnotes provide more information on people, places, and events mentioned in the address. The document's title as well as country and year of publication are clearly indicated. The handout is optimized for black-and-white printing and to save printer/photocopier ink/toner to reduce your printing costs.