I have compiled a list of spelling rules to explicitly teach to my students. It is not a complete list of spelling rules and can certainly be built upon, as there are many more rules in the English language. This list takes me about a year to cover with a lower primary class, as we often take a couple of weeks to explore one rule.
Each student has an exercise book that they use as their spelling journal. For our spelling journal lesson each week, I usually do the following:
• Read through and review any previous rules with the class. We read each rule together, briefly discussing and reviewing any examples that may be relevant.
• Ask the students to turn to the next page. The students are aware that their spelling journal is a ‘forever book’: one they can keep and use forever to remind them about the rules of the English language, so I encourage them to use a clear and neat writing font. We also use this session as a handwriting lesson.
• I model writing and saying the rule along with any example words, with the students copying into their journals.
• We discuss how the rule applies to the examples and look for any words on our SpellPhUn phonics chart that use that particular rule.
• During the following week, we practice using the visual chart to help spell other words that use the rule.