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Functional Groups: Identifying Major Functional Groups in Biological Molecules

Grade Levels
9th - 12th, Higher Education, Homeschool
Formats Included
  • Zip
18 pages
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Finally! Here are some high quality products to help students learn this area of biochemistry. These items are suited for an advanced, honors, AP Biology, or introductory college classroom. Check out the Preview file for a little peek at a few pages! This biochemistry product bundle includes five items:

1) A graphic organizer table for students to take notes on the basic characteristics of 7 key chemical functional groups in biological macromolecules. - 1 pg

2) A worksheet to practice identifying the functional groups and identifying isomers. A brief description of each molecule is provided and then students circle and label the functional groups. Students might be intimidated by these chemical figures at first, but not after practicing with this! Three questions also address types of isomers (structural, geometric, and enantiomers). And I love the information about each molecule - so many connections to other areas of biology! - 2 pgs

3) A 16-square puzzle in which students sort terms, descriptions, and images of functional groups. Three levels are included for you to choose from. While their hands are sorting, their minds are organizing and solidifying connections - 4 pgs

4) A short quiz in which students must identify each of the 7 functional groups on a molecule. This could be used as a traditional quiz, or could possibly be a review/warmup or an exit ticket. - 1 pg

5) Quiz on Carbon, Functional Groups, and Isomers - a more thorough quiz for this unit. There are 7 multiple choice questions about carbon bonding, functional groups, and isomers. Then students are asked to circle and label 12 total functional groups on 5 molecules. - 2 pgs

Answer keys are provided for all 5 resources. - 8 pgs

The functional groups included: hydroxyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amine, sulfhydryl, phosphate, and methyl. These are the most fundamental chemical groups to understand basic organic chemistry in the context of biology. These groups play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids.

Happy Teaching!

~Kim from Science Classy

For single classroom only; not to be shared publicly.

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Total Pages
18 pages
Answer Key
Teaching Duration
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to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 11–12 texts and topics.
Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9–10 texts and topics.


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