Students are provided with a futuristic scenario of over-population and scarce resources, which incorporates a global study of famine, lack of clean water accessibility, and other issues facing the citizens of present-day third world countries. The students work in teams to solve World Hunger and the Clean Water Crisis by designing two genetically modified organisms (GMOs); new species of plant to feed the world and algae to filter freshwater. The desirable traits of the GMO plant are selected by examining preexisting plant structures (or plant cell organelles) that perform specific functions; the ecological stressors that incur the natural selection of these unique traits are analyzed to support student reasoning. The GMO algae is created in a similar manner, however, the desirable traits are the outcome of enhancing various organelles to suit the removal of a specific substance or pathogen from the water. Students complete the project by presenting their findings (PowerPoint, Google Slide, poster, etc).