This is a formative assessment. Each journal topic is crafted from a standard. Most topics are history until the 4th quarter when Economics and Government standards are mixed with History standards. This is great preparation for the Georgia Milestones Assessment. This journal is also makes a good warm up, ticket out the door, extension and refining assignment as well as a good research project. It can be used in a variety of ways depending on how the teacher chooses to assign it.