To take a closer look at the decisive military campaigns of the Civil War.
In this neat activity, students put themselves in the position of being Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, and Robert E. Lee, all of whom had to make important decisions that affected the outcome of the Civil War. After reading background information, class members will choose between two actions (a or b) they would have taken given the circumstances described.
Read through the lesson with the class. After each question, have students circle the letter of the action they would have taken at the time of the Civil War. Ask a few students to give a reason for their choice. Then announce the decision that was actually made by Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, and Robert E. Lee. Point out that the decisions they made were not always the ones that should have been made, given historical hindsight.
Some of the eight questions require students to look at maps of the Gettysburg and Vicksburg battlefields, which help illustrate the situations leaders were faced with.
Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included.