Present History begins this Advanced Placement-level presentation with a graphic organizer that shows the units of the late 1800s in U.S. history. It looks at the strong party loyalties of both Republicans and Democrats and continues through the administrations of Grant, Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland, Harrison, and McKinley. It includes the "bloody shirt," the Credit Mobilier Scandal, the Whiskey Ring Scandal, the Tweed Ring, Jim Fisk, the political cartoons of Thomas Nast, the Hayes-Tilden Standoff and the Compromise of 1877, the Civil Service Act of 1883, the mudslinging of the Election of 1884, the McKinley Tariff of 1890, the Sherman Anti-Trust Act f 1890, the Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890, the Farmers' Alliance, the rise of the Populists under James Weaver, Cleveland's dealings with J.P. Morgan, the Pullman Strike of 1894, Eugene V. Debs, William Jennings Bryan, Mark Hanna, and the Election of 1896. This presentation concentrates on the political issues of hard and soft-money policies, the tariff, and civil service reform. This AP U.S. history presentation includes the significance of Gilded-Age politics and can be easily modified for all secondary levels of U.S. history. Be sure to check out "U.S. History Complete Set, Volume I" and "U.S. History Complete Set, Volume II" for all of Present History's U.S. history presentations.