This powerpoint examines the growth of urban areas and changes in immigration patterns that took place during the Gilded Age. It begins by briefly talking about the shift to "new" immigration and then quickly transitions into an examination of urban growth. That examination focuses on the development of tenement slums and is largely done through the photographs of Jacob Riis. It then examines various efforts to deal with life in the slums focusing in on reform efforts such as the settlement house movement and Jane Addams, the Social Gospel Movement, and the Americanization movement. It then concludes with a brief discussion of the rise of machine politics focusing specifically on Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall. This presentations used in an AP United States history class and is based, in part, on Chapter 24 and 25 of The American Pageant, 17th edition.