Global Aim # 63 What were some causes and results of

Global Aim # 63 What were some causes and results of
Global Aim # 63 What were some causes and results of
Global Aim # 63 What were some causes and results of
Global Aim # 63 What were some causes and results of
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Global Aim # 63 What were some causes and results of Authoritarian regimes in Latin AmericaAuthoritarian regimes in Latin America?

Do Now – 3 Minutes
1. Explain why many of the liberals who had participated in failed revolutions in the 1800’s, migrate to the United States.

Homework # 63 - Define
Regionalism
Caudillos


Read the Aim and Highlight the significant facts that explain how and why Latin American countries struggle to be Democratic.
Circle the terms you do not understand.
No Talking and No Leaving the room.
Be sure to use facts and details to support your response to every question.
Your writing should be informative/explanatory in order to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.

Team Sheet # 63
– 3 Minutes
1. Explain what Simon Bolivar had envisioned for the newly won freedom for Latin American countries.

Most Latin American nations won their freedom from Spain and Portugal in the 1820's, but self-rule brought neither peace nor stability.


Bolivar had hoped that the new states might create a unified nation like the United States.

Team Sheet # 63
– 3 Minutes
2. Explain what obstacles Simon Bolivar had to overcome in his quest for unification of the Latin American countries.

But geographical barriers like the high Andes Mountains and the Amazon rain forest made trade and transportation difficult and limited contact between regions.


These factors, along with border disputes, power struggles, and local rivalries, encouraged regionalism (loyalty to smaller geographic areas).


A total of 18 nations were established in Latin America.


Bolivar's creation, Gran Colombia, split into Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador.


Argentina and Uruguay were carved from the United Provinces of La Plata.


And Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras, and Guatemala emerged from the United Provinces of Central America.


The newly independent nations became republics and most wrote constitutions modeled on that of the United States.


But unlike the former British colonies, Spain's ex-colonies had no experience of self-government.

Team Sheet # 63
– 3 Minutes
3. Explain why the newly won freedom for Latin American countries didn’t become democracies.

A long tradition of absolute rule prevented the emergence of democracy.


In many of the new nations, caudillos (military dictators) seized power.

They ignored the constitutions that called for elections and stayed in power with army support.

Team Sheet # 63
– 3 Minutes
4. Compare and contrast the social structure in Latin American nations to that of America.

The rigid social divisions of colonial times continued.


The creole elite refused to share power with mestizos, blacks, and Indians.


Government policies favored the land-owning upper classes and ensured that the rest of society remained landless and oppressed.


The Catholic Church also owned huge tracts of land and sided with the creoles in opposing liberal reforms.

Team Sheet # 63
– 3 Minutes
5. Explain how the Latin American countries economies were run in the 1800s.

The privileged few who owned the region's vast resources allowed them to be exploited by Europeans.


Raw materials were exported as cash crops in exchange for manufactured goods.


Nations became dependent on one or two commodities, as Haiti was on sugar.


When prices fell, the national economy slumped.


Even so, a few nations formed stable governments and expanded their economies.


Brazil's rubber and coffee plantations stimulated foreign trade.


Many European immigrants grew rich as cattle ranchers in Argentina.

Question # 63
Which factor helps to explain why democracy did not develop in Latin America?
The lack of trained troops to maintain national borders
The lack of a middle class
The relative lack of poverty
The weakness of the Church
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Global Aim # 63 What were some causes and results of
Global Aim # 63 What were some causes and results of
Global Aim # 63 What were some causes and results of
Global Aim # 63 What were some causes and results of
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