Grammar - Sentence Variety PPT

Grammar - Sentence Variety PPT
Grammar - Sentence Variety PPT
Grammar - Sentence Variety PPT
Grammar - Sentence Variety PPT
Grammar - Sentence Variety PPT
Grammar - Sentence Variety PPT
Grammar - Sentence Variety PPT
Grammar - Sentence Variety PPT
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Click HERE for my Grammar Folder!


Remember
Please practice utilizing these nine sentence patterns throughout the semester. Good sentence variety keeps writing from becoming dull. Understanding these sentence patterns will improve your ability to communicate.


Simple Sentence
The dog bit the cat.

Alfred bought a diamond ring for his lovely wife Thuy.


Compounds
A compound sentence has two subjects or two verbs or both.
Jack and Jill ran up the hill.
The child skipped and ran home.
Jack and Jill skipped and ran down the hill and through the fields.
Note: There are no commas in these sentences

Coordinate Sentence
A coordinate sentence uses one of the coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or, for, nor, so, yet) and connects two complete simple sentences. Each half of the sentence is equally important to the meaning of the sentence. The coordinating conjunction must be proceeded by a comma.



The chicken got well. We had salad.
These two sentences seem to be completely unrelated.

The Chicken got Well; we had salad.
Linking the two sentences with a semicolon doesn’t help much.
Note: I hate semicolons!

The chicken got well, so we had salad.
Utilizing a comma and a coordinating conjunction, the sentence now makes sense.

Each time the coordinating conjunction is changed we get a different sentence.
The chicken got well, so we had salad.
The chicken got well, and we had salad.
The chicken got well, for we had salad.
The chicken got well, yet we had salad.
The chicken got well, but we had salad.

But not all coordinating conjunctions work with all sentences.
The chicken got well, nor we had salad.
The chicken got well, or we had salad.
Both sentences and the connecting word must make sense, or the result is faulty coordination.


Expletive
An expletive construction consists of “there” or “it” plus a form of the verb “be.”

There was a man from Orlando.
It is a good day to study English.


Forms of “Be”
I am
You are
He/She/It Is
I was
You were
He/She/It was
I will be
We/They are
We/They will be
I/You/They have been

Infinitive phrase
An infinitive phrase consists of “To” plus a verb.
To go into space was Captain Kirk’s Dream.
If a word interrupts the infinitive phrase,
it is called a split infinitive.
To boldly go where no man has gone before.

Appositive
An appositive renames a noun in a sentence, usually the subject of the sentence. This helps to make the significance of the noun more clear. An appositive is usually separated from the sentence by a comma.
A monster-dog, a two-hundred pound German Shepard, stole my lunch.

Subordination
Subordinate sentences consist of a phrase which begins with a subordinating word and a main clause. The main clause is the important part of the sentence. The subordinate clause is only additional information. There are many varieties of this sentence. A comma separates the dependant clause from the main clause.


Because the dog bit the cat, I bit the dog.


Since I had too much money, I voted for a tax increase.


Prepositional Phrase
A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and ends with an object. A preposition is anything a bird can do to a cloud. Over, Under, Near, Far, Through,
Into, From, Beside, Of, Before. . .
Under the car, I found a five dollar bill.
Beside the tree, the dog bit the cat.
After the movie, the Universe exploded.

Conjunctive Adverb
Two main clauses joined by a conjunctive adverb.
Each main clause must be a sentence with a subject and a verb. A semicolon precedes the conjunctive adverb and a comma follows it.

We saw a Star Trek double feature; hence, we were labeled “Trekies” by our coworkers.
We saw a Star Trek double feature. Hence, we were labeled “Trekies” by our coworkers.

Common Conjunctive Adverbs
Accordingly
Also
Anyway
Besides
Certainly
Consequently
Finally
Furthermore
Hence
However
Incidentally
Indeed
Instead
Likewise
Meanwhile
Moreover
Nevertheless

Total Pages
19 pages
Answer Key
N/A
Teaching Duration
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