# Graphing with Content Packet- learn to graph; analyze data & experimental design

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I have created a set of 5 mini-lessons/instructional worksheets that scaffold the skills of graphing and data analysis while building my students’ scientific background knowledge.

Rather than graphing meaningless data about favorite colors and pets your students will graph and analyze scientifically meaningful data based on real-world research on wild birds.

Skills and content you and your students will enjoy:

1. Leveled scaffolding in making bar and line graphs.

2. Data analysis that requires using data as evidence to support conclusions.

3. Mathematical analysis including calculating averages, speed and percentages.

4. Experimental design analysis: form research questions and determine variables.

5. Graphing and analysis of data based on actual scientific studies on bird ecology and behavior.

Lesson one and two are designed to teach basic graphing and initiate thinking about experimental design and the meaning behind data.

Lessons 3 and 4 provide additional practice with reduced scaffolding so skills learned in the first two lessons can be applied by the student.

Lesson 5 has the least scaffolding in graphing and can be used as a formative or summative assessment.

1. Learning to Graph & Analyze Data I

When do Dark-Eyed Juncos Visit Bird Feeders?

2. Learning to Graph & Analyze Data II

How does the number of nesting pairs change from year to year?

3. Practice Graphing & Analyzing Data I

Do woodpeckers prefer seeds or suet?

4. Practice Graphing & Analyzing Data II

To which country are Ruby-throated hummingbirds most likely to migrate?

5. Assessment: Graphing & Analyzing Data

How far might a Peregrine falcon migrate?

Instruction is built into the worksheet – Based on your students’ experience with graphing, analysis and understanding variables you can determine whether they can work independently or need direct instruction for this activity.

Each lesson can stand on its own depending on your students’ abilities in graphing and analysis. Answer keys are included.

** Please note that the x-axis error is fixed; the first lesson includes a line graph as does the last lesson.**

Model with mathematics. Mathematically proficient students can apply the mathematics they know to solve problems arising in everyday life, society, and the workplace. In early grades, this might be as simple as writing an addition equation to describe a situation. In middle grades, a student might apply proportional reasoning to plan a school event or analyze a problem in the community. By high school, a student might use geometry to solve a design problem or use a function to describe how one quantity of interest depends on another. Mathematically proficient students who can apply what they know are comfortable making assumptions and approximations to simplify a complicated situation, realizing that these may need revision later. They are able to identify important quantities in a practical situation and map their relationships using such tools as diagrams, two-way tables, graphs, flowcharts and formulas. They can analyze those relationships mathematically to draw conclusions. They routinely interpret their mathematical results in the context of the situation and reflect on whether the results make sense, possibly improving the model if it has not served its purpose.
Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form (e.g., a table or chart) and translate information expressed visually or mathematically (e.g., in an equation) into words.
Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9–10 texts and topics.
Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to the precise details of explanations or descriptions.
Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).
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21 pages
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