# Gravity and Orbits CER: Analyzing Planetary Data

Subject
Resource Type
File Type

PDF

(3 MB|5 pages)
Product Rating
4.0
(2 Ratings)
Standards
NGSSMS-ESS1-3
NGSSMS-ESS1-2
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• Product Description
• StandardsNEW

In this no prep activity, students gather and analyze solar system data and draw conclusions in the form of a CER (claim, evidence, reasoning) argument. Students first complete their data table including the following data: Diameter, Distance from sun, Rotation, Orbital Period, and Orbital Speed. Students will then color in each of their planets to look like the surface of their planet. Students can find the data online, or they can use a textbook if available to find the information. After completing the data, the students look for patterns in the data to answer the questions
What is relationship between distance from the sun and orbital period?
Students will first make a claim to answer the question then they will add in evidence from their data tables. Finally, for the reasoning, they will read a short passage about Kepler’s laws and use the information to explain why the distance from the sun affects the orbital period.
This activity is aligned to the following NGSS Standards

MS-ESS1-2. Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.

MS-ESS1-3. Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system.

Interested in other Science Resources?

- Modeling Gravity and Orbits

NGSSMS-ESS1-3
Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system. Emphasis is on the analysis of data from Earth-based instruments, space-based telescopes, and spacecraft to determine similarities and differences among solar system objects. Examples of scale properties include the sizes of an object’s layers (such as crust and atmosphere), surface features (such as volcanoes), and orbital radius. Examples of data include statistical information, drawings and photographs, and models. Assessment does not include recalling facts about properties of the planets and other solar system bodies.
NGSSMS-ESS1-2
Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system. Emphasis for the model is on gravity as the force that holds together the solar system and Milky Way galaxy and controls orbital motions within them. Examples of models can be physical (such as the analogy of distance along a football field or computer visualizations of elliptical orbits) or conceptual (such as mathematical proportions relative to the size of familiar objects such as students’ school or state). Assessment does not include Kepler’s Laws of orbital motion or the apparent retrograde motion of the planets as viewed from Earth.
Total Pages
5 pages
Included
Teaching Duration
1 hour
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