Greek Menagerie Primary Sources
Directions: Choose 1 item from 3 of the 4 categories for a total of 3 items. For each, research: who, what, when, where and why. Next, cut out your chosen items from this document and paste or tape them into your composition book, each one needs to be in the middle of the page on its own page. You will need to bring both the research information and your composition book to the test on Wednesday.
Greek Artifacts and Sculpture
Poetry & Drama
#1-Sappho (c. 590)
“Although they are only breath, words which I command are immortal.”
#2-Pindar (c. 518-438BC) “The Pursuit of Excellence”
He who wins, of a sudden, some noble prize
In the rich years of youth
Is raised high with hope; his manhood takes wings;
He has in his heart what is better than wealth.
But brief is the season of man's delight.
Soon it falls to the ground;
Some dire decision uproots it.
--Thing of a day! Such is man: a shadow in a dream.
Yet when god-given splendour visit him
A bright radiance plays over him, and how sweet is life!
#3-Antigone-Sophocles (c. 441BC)
It's no disgrace for a man, even a wise man,
To learn many things and not to be too rigid.
You've seen trees by a raging winter torrent,
How many sway with the flood and salvage
But not the stubborn – they're ripped out,
Roots and all...
Oh giveaway. Relax your anger – change!
#1 Anaximander (c. 611-547)
Anaximander of Miletus conceived that there arose from heated water and earth either fish or creatures very like fish: in these man grew, in the form of embryos retained within until puberty; then at last the fish-like creatures burst and men and women who were already able to nourish themselves stepped forth. Living creatures came into being from moisture evaporated by the sun. Man was originally similar to another creature—that is, to a fish.
#2 Diogenes (c.404-323)
Thereupon many statesmen and philosophers came to Alexander with their congratulations, and he expected that Diogenes of Sinope also, who was tarrying in Corinth, would do likewise. But since that philosopher took not the slightest notice of Alexander, and continued to enjoy his leisure in the suburb Craneion, Alexander went in person to see him; and he found him lying in the sun. Diogenes raised himself up a little when he saw so many people coming towards him, and fixed his eyes upon Alexander. And when that monarch addressed him with greetings, and asked if he wanted anything, "Yes," said Diogenes, "stand a little out of my sun." It is said that Alexander was so struck by this, and admired so much the haughtiness and grandeur of the man who had nothing but scorn for him, that he said to his followers, who were laughing and jesting about the philosopher as they went away, "But truly, if I were not Alexander, I would be Diogenes."
Science and Math
#1 Pythagoras (580-507 B.C.)
“… they saw that the attributes and the ratios of musical scales were expressible in numbers; since, then, all other things seemed in their whole nature to modeled after numbers, and numbers seemed to be the first things in the whole of nature, they supposed the elements of numbers to be the elements of all things, and the whole heaven to be a musical scale and a number.”
# 2 Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)
“When the egg is now ten days old the chick and all its parts are distinctly visible. The head is till larger than the rest of its body, and the eyes larger than the head, but still devoid of vision. The eyes, if removed about this time, are found to be larger than beans, and black; if the cuticle is peeled off them there is a white and cold liquid inside,…”
#3 Hippocrates (c. 460-377 B.C.)
“I am about to discuss the disease called “sacred”. It is not, in my opinion, any more divine or more sacred than other diseases, but has a natural cause, and its supposed divine origin is due to men’s inexperience, and to their wonder at its peculiar character.”