Greek Mythology - Overview/Summary of Myths PPT

Greek Mythology - Overview/Summary of Myths PPT
Greek Mythology - Overview/Summary of Myths PPT
Greek Mythology - Overview/Summary of Myths PPT
Greek Mythology - Overview/Summary of Myths PPT
Greek Mythology - Overview/Summary of Myths PPT
Greek Mythology - Overview/Summary of Myths PPT
Greek Mythology - Overview/Summary of Myths PPT
Greek Mythology - Overview/Summary of Myths PPT
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Review of Myths

Myth Defined

In the academic fields of mythology, mythography, or folkloristics, a myth is a sacred story concerning the origins of the world or how the world and the creatures in it came to be in their present form.

In saying that a myth is a sacred narrative, what is meant is that a myth is believed to be true by people who attach religious or spiritual significance to it. Use of the term by scholars does not imply that the narrative is either true or false.


The active beings in myths are generally gods and heroes.


Myths often are said to take place before recorded history begins.

Usually, Oral Tradition:

Chanted by a Storyteller


Phaëthon’s Fatal Crash

After convincing his father, Helios, that he could drive the chariot of the sun, Phaëthon lost control of the horses and drove the sun too close to the earth. Forced to intervene, Zeus killed Phaëthon with a lightning bolt and rescued the earth from fire.


According to Greek mythology, Pandora was the first woman on earth. The gods bestowed many gifts on her, including a mysterious box that they instructed her never to open. However, temptation overcame Pandora and she opened it, releasing many plagues and sorrows into the world.


In Greek mythology, Prometheus (Ancient Greek: Προμηθεύς, "forethought“) is a Titan known for his wily intelligence, who stole fire from Zeus and gave it to mortals for their use. His myth has been treated by a number of ancient sources, in which Prometheus is credited with (or blamed for) playing a pivotal role in the early history of humankind.

Apollo and Daphne

 Daphne was an independent-minded, love- and marriage-hating young huntress, a follower of Artemis (Diana). Her father, the river god Peneus, wished her to marry and have children, but all Daphne that wanted was to hunt alone in the deep woods, rejoicing in her freedom.

Apollo and Daphne

One day Apollo saw her. She was hunting, her dress short to the knee, her arms bare, her hair in disarray. She was enchantingly beautiful and Apollo thought, "She is lovely now, but what would she look like properly dressed with her hair nicely arranged." The idea inflamed him, and he started running after the nymph.

Apollo and Daphne

Daphne fled, and she was an excellent runner. Apollo was hard put to overtake her, although he grew steadily closer. He cried out, "Do not fear, stop and find out who I am. I am no rude rustic or shepherd but the Lord of Delphi, and I love you!" But Daphne flew on, even more frightened than before.

Apollo and Daphne

She knew she could never outrun Apollo, but she was determined to resist to the end. She could almost feel Apollo's breath on the back of her neck when she saw her father's river ahead of her. She screamed to him, "Help me father, help me." At these words a dragging numbness came over her, and her feet seemed rooted in the earth. Bark was enclosing her body, and leaves were sprouting from her arms. She had been changed into a laurel tree.

Demeter and Persephone

When her daughter was abducted and taken to the underworld, Demeter refused to nourish the earth, which in turn threatened the very existence of man. It was, in fact, "because Demeter abandoned her divine functions to look for Persephone, [that] the springs of fertility ran dry: vegetation languished, animals ceased to multiply, and the hand of death touched mankind." It was not until after the great Zeus

beseeched Demeter to return to her duties, that man was able to go on living. Before any of this happened, one must start at the beginning.


In Greek mythology, Pegasus (Greek: Πήγασος, Pégasos, 'strong') was a winged horse that was the son of Poseidon, in his role as horse-god, and the Gorgon Medusa.

Athena and Arachne

Arachne, a proud peasant girl, was a wonderful spinner and weaver of wool.  The water nymphs journeyed from their rivers and the wood nymphs from the forest just to watch Arachne steep her wool in crimson dyes, then take long threads in her skillful fingers and weave exquisite tapestries.

Athena and Arachne

Arachne thought she was so smart, she wove a cloth making fun of the gods and goddesses, showing them getting drunk and falling down and making a mess of things. Still it was clearly better weaving than Athena had done. When Athena saw it she was even more angry than she had been before. Even though Arachne's weaving was better, Athena didn't care.

She pointed her finger at Arachne and suddenly Arachne's nose and ears shrank up, her hair all fell out, her arms and legs got long and skinny, and her whole body shrank until she was just a little tiny spider (Arachne means spider in Greek). "You want to spin," cried Athena, go ahead and spin!"


Pygmalion is a legendary figure of Cyprus. Though Pygmalion is the Greek version of the Phoenician royal name Pumayyaton, he is most familiar from Ovid's Metamorphoses, X, in which Pygmalion is a sculptor who falls in love with a statue he has made.


In Greek mythology, Midas or King Midas (in Greek Μίδας) is popularly remembered for his ability to turn everything he touched into gold: the Midas touch.

Philemon and Baucis

in Greek mythology, a pious Phrygian couple who hospitably received Zeus and Hermes when their richer neighbors turned away the two gods, who were disguised as wayfarers. As a reward, they were saved from a flood that drowned the rest of the country; their cottage was turned into a temple, and at their own request they became priest and priestess of it. Long after, they were granted their wish to die at the same moment, being turned into trees.


in Greek mythology, a youth of remarkable beauty, the favorite of the goddess Aphrodite (identified with Venus by the Romans).

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