Growth minded language motivates students to ensure they remain persistent, resilient, and focused on the process of learning. It is important to give learners feedback about how their process leads to a result so they can understand that their abilities will develop with effort. Feedback language frames are included for the following situations: when students struggle despite strong effort, when students are lacking specific skills needed for improvement, when students are making progress, when students succeed with strong effort, when students succeed easily without effort, and when they don't put in much effort and then don't succeed.
Over 30 years ago, Carol Dweck and her colleagues became interested in students' attitudes about failure. They noticed that some students rebounded while other students seemed devastated by even the smallest setbacks. After studying the behavior of thousands of children, Dr. Dweck coined the terms fixed mindset and growth mindset to describe the underlying beliefs people have about learning and intelligence. When students believe they can get smarter, they understand that effort makes them stronger. Therefore they put in extra time and effort, and that leads to higher achievement.