Growth of the American Colonies

Growth of the American Colonies
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In the Colonial era, the South had an agrarian, farming based economy. Most people in the South were farmers and massive plantations began to appear in this region. Plantations usually appeared by rivers. The South shipped their goods to the North where the beginnings of industry were forming and evolving. Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina focused on growing tobacco. South Carolina and Georgia focused on growing rice. By 1750, over 200,000 slaves were in the South to serve as forced labor in the agrarian economy.

The Triangular Trade System was the course in which Africans were wickedly and brutally kidnapped and sent to the Americas. The route that brought the slaves to North America was called the Middle Passage. Africans were branded, beaten, fell victim to disease, and some chose suicide by jumping off the ships. Many died on the voyage to the Americas.

The North was not economically based on farming. Rather, they focused their economy on trade and commerce. They also started building ships. During the 1700s, over 450,000 immigrants came to North America. These included Dutch, German, Scottish, and Irish immigrants. Port cities became very profitable due to an increase in trade. While slavery was not as prevalent in the early colonies, it did exist and racial prejudice abounded.

During the Colonial Era, the Enlightenment had a massive impact The Enlightenment movement stressed that scientific reasoning must be rooted in logic. Philosophers also used ideas from the Enlightenment, such as logical reasoning, to theorize more just and efficient forms of government.

Due to the Massachusetts Charter of 1691, Protestants and others began to practice tolerance. The religious zeal of many became watered down compared to past followers. Yet, revivals, mass gatherings to hear preachers, increased religious zeal during the Great Awakening. Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield were prominent preachers in this movement. Edwards claimed people must admit they are sinners and turn to the God of Christianity for salvation.

US History Lesson Plans Include
1) Bell ringer / opening activity
2) PowerPoint presentation
3) Guided notes worksheet for PowerPoint presentation
4) Bonus worksheet (vocabulary, crosswords, word search, etc.)
5) Daily quiz / assessment - exit slip!
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8) Answer keys for all worksheets, handouts, & assessments
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