According to Jan Richardson in her book The Next Step in Guided Reading, students knowing less than 40 letters (counting both capital and lowercase) should trace an alphabet book every day.
Sitting next to a tutor or aide, the student should use his or her pointer finger to trace each letter, saying the name of the letter each time.
Ex. “/a/, /a/, apple.”
The tutor should help the student trace hand-over hand (making sure to trace the letters from top to bottom) if help is needed.
According to Jan Richardson, ten years of data collection has shown this to be the fastest and easiest way for children to learn their letters!
The accompanying alphabet chart can be used during guided reading and writing lessons. Place this chart in a sheet protector and allow students to practice letter formation using a dry-erase marker in the empty space below the chart.
The ABC book can also be laminated and used as headers for your word wall for extra reinforcement!
More Guided Reading Essentials from KTeacherTiff:
Guided Reading Essentials: Free Guided Writing Journals
Guided Reading Essentials: 9 Guided Reading Books for Emergent Readers