“Halloween Trick or Treat?,” is written by Norma Landa Flores, author of “Street Corner Flight,” in Mirrors & Windows: Connecting with Literature, EMC/Paradigm Publishing. “Halloween Trick or Treat,” is available @teacherspayteachers.com and is a 10 page Oral Communication and Pronunciation Lesson that features the story entitled, “Prudencia’s Trick or Treat?” on page 2. At the bottom of page 2, directions are given on how to contrast & articulate the sounds [ f-p ] such as face-pace, felt-pelt, for-pour.
Page 3 contains “Multiple Choice Questions for Discussion,” and includes spaces to record student’s values regarding the questions. Page 4 is the [ f ] Low Front, Top Teeth on Bottom Lip & Force Air Forward Consonant Articulation Assessment form, with which students may take turns pronouncing and assessing each other. Page 5 is the ACCESS, Assessment of Communication Competence and English speaking Skills form. Students read the sentences on page 4 a second time and evaluate themselves on the observable communication behaviors of: eye contact, audibility, pronunciation, grammar, emphasis & communication of message function & intention.
Page 6, Lists the Contexts & Standards-Based Criteria for Assessing Articulation so that students may understand what level of communication competency they have demonstrated and try again if they need to improve. “Contexts & Standards-Based Criteria for Assessing [ f ] Low Front, Top Teeth on Bottom Lip & Force Air Forward Consonant Articulation. These standards for speaking and listening were agreed upon by the National Communication Association Task Force on Speaking and Listening Skills of which the author, Norma Landa Flores was a contributing participant. Pages 7-10, is the Appendix with Suggestions for the Teacher/Facilitator to more easily teach an oral communication lesson creating relevancy due to the “Prudencia’s Trick or Treat?” theme of this lesson.
This material is suitable for students in grades 3-5, 6-8, 9-12 and Adult ESL. In addition, the content is very helpful for any age level student learning English as a Second Language or for Special Education students having difficulty articulating [ f ] or substituting [ p ] [ b ] or [ v ] for this sound. “Halloween Trick or Treat,” encourages verbal communication, cooperation and oral collaboration.
A wonderful bonus is that this story serves as a sample for writing a short story bilingually, improving and assessing articulation plus role-modeling storytelling/problem-solution outlining skills too! Almost every culture has its version of the “boogeyman” story. It’s usually told to small children to make them afraid of trusting strangers that may kidnap them or harm them or try to break into their house. In many Hispanic cultures the story of La Llorona is told to make sure children get home before it’s dark outside. Legend has it that only very wise children can think of a plan to escape La Llorona’s grasp and that plan is to argue with the apparition and let it know who’s the boss! Thus, oral communication is a vital skill to have in East L.A. and any other part of the world that children have to protect themselves!