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Hammurabi's Code Worksheets and Classroom Activities

Hammurabi's Code Worksheets and Classroom Activities
Hammurabi's Code Worksheets and Classroom Activities
Hammurabi's Code Worksheets and Classroom Activities
Hammurabi's Code Worksheets and Classroom Activities
Hammurabi's Code Worksheets and Classroom Activities
Hammurabi's Code Worksheets and Classroom Activities
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Hand Out # 1

Read material on Hammurabi’s Code, and respond to the following questions:

1. What does the code tell us about Babylonian society?



2. How was the enforcement of the code a means of unifying Hammurabi's empire?



3. Hammurabi appointed a committee to review all of the laws in the city states under his rule and to revise and consolidate the existing laws and include the customs and practices of the Amorites and Sumerians. Yet, when the laws were carved on the stone columns, an artist portrayed Shamash the Sun God and God of Justice handing the laws to Hammurabi. (See illustration on page 172 in A Message of Ancient Days.) What is the significance of the image of the Sun God on top of the column of laws?


4. The harsh system of justice during Hammurabi's time was not applied equally to all. The punishment of the wealthy for a crime against the poor was usually less severe. Was this fair or unfair? If students think this is unfair? Have the students defend their decision. Despite these limitations, why do you think the code of Hammurabi is considered so historically significant?

Name _______________________ Date________ Hammurabi: Hand Out 2 Ms. Travis
Hand out # 2

You will now have the opportunity to understand lex talionis (of "life for a life") in the modern world.
First define the Term:
In your group, consider two of the modern situations, given to you be the teacher. You should identify the wrongdoer and the injured party. The group should create a law by completing the sentences assigned. We will share this in a class discussion
Discuss: What is the problem in applying lex talionis?

Why is it sometimes difficult to determine substitution?

ASSESSMENT
1. Imagine that you are a skilled stone carver hired to carve King Hammurabi's Code on one of the large stone columns in Babylon. Write a letter to your family living in a small village describing your impressions of the city and of King Hammurabi.


2. Ask your students to develop a short Code of Laws for the classroom. Prior to their work, students should discuss criteria for good rules/laws (e.g. reflects common needs, fair, consistent, understandable). Working in groups, students should develop two laws and their consequences. We will share this in discussion!!!


3. Ask the students to develop criteria for appropriate or fair penalties.


Name _______________________ Date________ Hammurabi: Hand Out 2 Ms. Travis
Hand out # 3

Study four of the laws of Hammurabi cited on Hand out # 3.
For each law the determine:
o What was the purpose of the law in ancient Babylon?
o What situation would this compare to in our present time?
o What would you propose the penalty to be in our present time?
Total Pages
4 pages
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N/A
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