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Hammurabi's Law Code is one the first written law codes in history. It comprises of 282 laws written out in Akkadian cuneiform on a 2 metre tall diorite stele which was placed in a public place. To deter criminals, most of these laws are "lex talionis" (laws of retribution).
The edicts range from family law, to professional contracts and criminal justice, often outlining different standards of justice for the three classes of Babylonian society—the propertied class, freedmen and slaves. It also is the first example of the presumption of innocence, and the opportunity to provide evidence.
Law is one of the founding principals of civilization, and you can learn much about the structure, and values of a civilization from analyzing its' law codes.
In this primary source analysis activity students are sorted into expert puzzle groups for different aspects/themes of this code:
Criminal Justice, Healthcare, Family, Jobs, and status of women