Is physical cuing effective? How should the student be positioned? This handout gives you a closer look at how to provide hand over hand assistance. Keep in mind that physical cuing is the most restrictive type of prompt. HOWEVER, this does not mean that it is not effective. The goal of this document is to explain how each component of hand over hand assistance produces a fruitful learning experience for the student. As you review this handout, remember that it is important to make sure the child is sitting with their legs under the table and with two feet on the floor.
After providing hand over hand assistance, allow the child to experience writing without your assistance. Give them time to process the experience and just watch. Hopefully, this is the time when students make new connections and observations about what it feels like to independently support themselves for writing.
While gauging when to pull back your level of prompting, consider the following. Is the student holding the pencil tight enough to place down on paper? Is the student pressing hard enough to make a mark on the paper? Is the student forming letters appropriately? If you answer “yes” to all of the questions above, it is time to let go…literally.