This resource is a complete unit for teaching the concepts of heat transfer. It includes 5 hands-on lessons with simple, easy to find materials, a two page nonfiction article explaining heat transfer, response pages, interactive notebook flaps for each lesson and more.
This unit is geared for 6th grade but could be adjusted up or down as needed.
The following NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas are addressed: Matter and Its Interactions and Energy.
This unit is aligned with NGSS standards for MS Physical science and is also aligned with Utah SEEd standards strand 6.2
NGSS Standards Addressed:
MS-PS1-4. Develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed.
MS-PS3-3. Apply scientific principles to design, construct, and test a device that either minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer
MS-PS3-4. Plan an investigation to determine the relationships among the energy transferred, the type of matter,
Utah SEEd standards addressed in this unit:
6.2.1 Develop models to show that molecules are made of different kinds, pro-portions and quantities of atoms. Emphasize understanding that there are difference between atoms and molecules, and that certain combinations of atoms form special molecules. Examples of simple molecules could include water (H2O), atmospheric oxygen (O2), and carbon dioxide (CO2).
6.2.2 Develop a model to predict the effect of heat energy on states of matter and density. Emphasize the arrangement of particles in states of matter (solid, liquid, or gas) and during phase changes (melting, freezing, condensing, and evaporating).
6.2.3 Plan and carry out an investigation to determine the relationship between temperature, the amount of heat transferred, and the change of average particle motion in various types or amounts of matter. Emphasize recording and evaluating data, and communicating the results of the investigation.
6.2.4 Design an object, tool, or process that minimizes or maximizes heat energy transfer. Identify criteria and constraints, develop a prototype for iterative testing, analyze data from testing, and propose modifications for optimizing the design solution. Emphasize demonstrating how the structure of differing materials allows them to function as either conductors or insulators.
Science Concepts Addressed:
Conductors and Insulators
Transfer of Heat
Materials that Conduct or Insulate
Science and Engineering Practices Students Will Use:
1. Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering)
2. Developing and using models
3. Planning and carrying out investigations
4. Analyzing and interpreting data
5. Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering)
6. Engaging in argument from evidence
7. Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
Cause and Effect
Scale, Proportion and Quantity
Energy and Matter
Structure and Function
Stability and Change
This resource is also available within the following Bundles at a 20% discount:
NGSS Middle School Physical Science Bundle
Utah SEEd 6.2 Strand Physical Science Bundle
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